What Causes Gum Disease and How to Prevent It

November 24, 2013

Gum disease is primarily caused by plaque build up, although, other factors play a role in gum disease as well. Illnesses that interfere with the immune system can increase the chances of getting gum disease. Bad habits, such as smoking, bad oral hygiene, and hormonal changes can also make it easier for the bacterial growth to occur.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Untreated gum disease can lead to bleeding of the gums and tooth loss due to bacterial growth eating away the gums, forming pockets that eventually loosen the teeth leading to them falling out or being removed. Studies show that people who work to prevent gum disease also prevent other medical problems that go beyond the mouth and teeth. Taking care of your gums not only saves your teeth, but helps you control your blood sugar as well.

More than 75% of Americans over 35 have some form of periodontal disease or gum disease. To prevent gum disease, you should brush twice a day and floss weekly. Make sure to use a fluoride toothpaste when brushing. Brushing the teeth too much can cause the gums to erode faster increasing the bacterial growth that can create deeper pockets in the gums and lead to tooth loss. Flossing weekly can get rid of plaque buildup in between the teeth that can eat away the gums in between.Gum Disease

Regularly visit the dentist with yearly checkups to get a thorough look at the gums and teeth as well. Using mouth rinse can get rid of any extra bacteria in the mouth that was left behind after brushing and flossing. If the teeth are clean and most the bacteria is gone the chances of getting gum disease is lowered. Preventing gum disease with these easy steps can also help prevent heart disease.

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